FAA Announces 2020 Legislative Priorities
FAA Announces 2020 Legislative Priorities
FAA members will be discussing important legislative priorities with Florida legislators during the 2020 FAA Legislative Conference, which will take place on January 28 - 29 in Tallahassee.
All FAA members are highly encouraged to participate in this important grassroots advocacy opportunity. Please consider being a voice for the apartment industry by clicking here to register today.
1. Protect the Sadowski Affordable Housing Trust Fund.
Issue: Use all Sadowski Affordable Housing funds for Florida housing programs. The Sadowski Affordable Housing Trust Fund helps the apartment industry by providing money to build and repair affordable apartment homes for Florida’s most vulnerable populations.
Background: The Sadowski Act (1992) created a dedicated revenue source to fund Florida’s affordable housing programs. The housing trust fund, which is also known as the Sadowski fund, is financed by document stamp taxes that are paid on all real estate transactions that take place in the state.
The preservation of the Sadowski fund is important for the Florida apartment industry because the demand for apartment homes continues to rise. Sadowski funds help balance the high demand for new affordable apartment homes across the state by aiding in the construction or refurbishment of affordable units.
How This Impacts the Apartment Industry: More than 922,000 Floridians spend at least 50 percent of their income on housing. The access to affordable housing is critical for the future of Florida’s growing economy. In addition, Sadowski funds are reinvested into the community to help Florida’s most vulnerable populations, which include: veterans, the elderly, those experiencing homelessness, and persons with special needs. In general, 30 percent of the funding is used for initiatives such as the State Apartment Incentive Loan (SAIL) program and 70 percent of the trust fund resources are used for single-family housing initiatives (SHIP). In the apartment industry, SAIL funds are used to rehabilitate existing apartments or build new units where additional affordable housing is needed.
The Florida Apartment Association urges the Legislature to use all of the Housing Trust Fund monies exclusively for Florida’s housing programs and to pass SB 306 (Sen. Mayfield) / HB 381 (Rep. Silvers), which will prevent the Legislature from diverting any cash balances in the Housing Trust Fund for other purposes within the state budget.
2. Reduce emotional support animal fraud and abuse.
Issue: The Legislature should pass HB 209 (Rep. Killebrew) / SB 1084 (Sen. Diaz) to reduce instances of emotional support animal fraud and abuse. Florida law currently lacks necessary clarity regarding Emotional Support Animals (ESAs). As a result, rental owners frequently receive fraudulent requests for ESA accommodations that cannot be verified.
Background: ESAs, which are also known as companion animals, are used by patients to alleviate symptoms associated with a variety of disabilities. Unlike a service animal that is trained to perform a specific task, an ESA’s presence provides a benefit for the patient. In accordance with the federal Fair Housing Act (FHA), an individual may request a reasonable accommodation to keep an ESA in his or her dwelling. Reasonable accommodation examples can include but are not limited to: eliminating the pet rent fee or allowing an ESA to reside on a “pet-free property.”
In response to the growing use of ESAs, unqualified providers have established websites that offer false ESA “documentation” for a fee. These online providers do not have a license to practice in the State of Florida and lack an established treatment relationship with the patient. As a result, an individual who does not qualify for a reasonable accommodation under the FHA can easily obtain fraudulent documentation online — without interacting with someone who is qualified to assess the disability or disability related need.
HB 209/SB 1084 would require ESA accommodation documentation to be completed by a licensed provider who has a treatment relationship with the patient and would clarify a property owner’s right to verify the authenticity of such documentation upon receipt of the ESA request. In addition, this legislation would clarify that the liability for any harm or damage done by an ESA is the sole responsibility the individual — not the property owner.
How This Impacts the Apartment Industry: The apartment industry strongly supports the rights of individuals with disabilities to request reasonable accommodations. However, the abuse that exists in the current system places an undue burden on property owners and undermines the intent of the Fair Housing Act. The passage of HB 209/SB 1084 will help reduce fraud by clarifying the type of documentation that can be accepted when an individual requests this type of reasonable accommodation in rental housing.
The Florida Apartment Association urges the Legislature to pass HB 209 (Rep. Killebrew) / SB 1084 (Sen. Diaz) to provide clarity regarding reasonable accommodation practices for emotional support animals.
3. Clarify fire radio system requirements.
Issue: The Legislature should pass legislation to clarify fire department radio signal requirements for new and existing high-rise buildings. Florida statute (633.202) was amended in 2016 to give local governments discretion to regulate fire radio systems for buildings within their jurisdiction. However, the vague language that is currently in statute is creating implementation inconsistencies and unintended consequences for property owners across the state.
Background: Under current statute, local governments have the authority to determine the signal strength needed for existing and new buildings within their jurisdiction. Existing apartment buildings are not required to comply with local signal strength requirements until January 1, 2025. However, apartment buildings are required to apply for the appropriate permit for the required communications installation by December 31, 2022.
The problem is current statute does not articulate any minimum requirements for municipal radio equipment, timelines for ongoing equipment inspection, or the ability for a municipality to withhold the certificate of occupancy, which must be obtained prior to residents moving into a newly constructed apartment community.
How This Impacts the Apartment Industry: The apartment industry recognizes the importance of fire safety in high-rise buildings. However, the vague language in the current statute is problematic and should be addressed to:
- Require local radio systems to meet a minimum national standard.
- Provide a reasonable timeline for inspections.
- Require local governments to provide developers with a radio signal coverage heat-map to help determine if a project will have a radio strength signal issue early in the construction process.
- Clarify the certificate of occupancy process as it relates to radio signal system requirements.
The Florida Apartment Association urges the Legislature to pass legislation to clarify fire department radio signal requirements for new and existing high-rise buildings.
4. Increase affordable housing tax incentives.
Issue: The Legislature should pass legislation to provide counties with the ability to waive or reduce property taxes for affordable housing units. Florida has a critical need for more affordable housing with only 23 affordable and available rental units for every 100 extremely low-income (<30% area median income or AMI) renter households.
Background: In order for a new apartment community construction project to break ground, a developer must secure financing from investors, who demand a specific rate of return in exchange for their investment. It is difficult for developers to achieve the necessary rate of return for affordable apartments, which are rented below market rate. As a result, it can be extremely challenging for a developer to secure the financing needed to make an affordable housing construction project feasible.
Due to the challenges that exist when financing affordable housing construction projects, developers rely on a combination of state and federal tax incentives along with private funding. However, the process of obtaining these government tax incentives is extremely competitive, with a very limited number of projects ultimately receiving this type of funding each year
Florida law currently lacks clarity regarding a county's ability to waive or reduce local property tax rates for affordable housing, which is an impediment to encouraging the construction of affordable apartment communities at the local level.
How This Impacts the Apartment Industry: As a result of the challenges associated with obtaining the limited number of state and federal tax credits that are currently available, many housing developers are unable to construct new affordable apartments. In light of the dire need for more affordable housing, the Legislature should take action to provide county governments with the authority to offer additional tax incentives at the local level.
The Florida Apartment Association urges the Legislature to pass legislation that provides county governments with the ability to waive or reduce property taxes for affordable housing units.